Is this narration reliable?
The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
“Three things whomsoever protects, are truly my friends and whoever destroys them is my enemy; Prayer, fasting and impurity.”
Imam Tabarani (rahimahullah) has recorded this Hadith on the authority of Sayyiduna Anas (radiyallahu ‘anhu).
Sayyiduna Anas (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reported that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whomsoever protects three things will be my close friend [i.e. Allah will take care of him and protect him] and whomsoever is negligent regarding them is my true enemy [i.e Allah will take him to task and punish him]; [They are] Salah, Fasting [in Ramadan] and impurities (janabah) [i.e. ensuring that one takes a compulsory bath after impurities].”
(Al Mu’jamul Awsat, Hadith: 8956. Refer: Faydul Qadir, Hadith: 3427)
‘Allamah Haythami (rahimahullah) has declared a narrator weak. The Hadith is suitable to quote as an incentive for these deeds, as is the case with Hadiths of this nature.
(Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 1 pg. 293)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.